Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.
When paraphrasing, include the author(s) family name and year of publication in brackets. Or, if referring to the author(s) family name in the body of the text, then just include the year of publication in brackets immediately after the family name(s).
Studies indicate that . . . (Sullivan, 2013).
Sullivan (2013) states that . . .
Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) from the book.
"Challenging the power structure of institutions, organizations, or bureaucracies requires commitment and fortitude" (Sullivan, 2013, p. 103).
Sullivan (2013) notes that "challenging the power structure of institutions, organizations, or bureaucracies requires commitment and fortitude" (p. 103).
Author. (Year). Title: Subtitle (# ed., Vol. #). Publisher.
Sullivan, E. (2013). Becoming influential: A guide for nurses (2nd ed.). Pearson.
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.
- Give author, year, title (italics), and name of publisher
- If the book has a DOI, include this even if you consulted the print version.
- When the author and publisher are the same, omit the publisher from the source element.