Speech or performance (recorded)

Important: Confirm with your lecturer whether you are using APA 6th or APA 7th as they are slightly different.

In-text citations

Use the speaker’s name for the author and the exact date of the speech.

Paraphrasing

Martin Luther King's often quoted catch phrase … (King,1963).

Direct quote

Follow the same rules as for paraphrasing, but additionally place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide a timestamp to indicate the exact starting point of the quote.

"Ich bin ein Berliner” (I am a Berliner) is a speech made by John F. Kennedy in 1963 where he declared … (Kennedy, 1963, 2:41).

Reference list

Speech

Use the speaker’s name for the author and the exact date of the speech.

TEMPLATE

Speaker. (Year, Month Day). Title of speech [Speech audio recording]. Publisher. URL

King, M. L., Jr. (1963, August 28). I have a dream [Speech audio recording]. American Rhetoric. https://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/mlkihaveadream.htm