Assessment is the process of gathering and analysing of information or evidence in order to guide and make judgements about students' learning in relation to curriculum goals and/or competency standards. This process recognises the benefits to students of making sense of, reflecting on and developing their own contributions to knowledge.
Assessment guides learning and teaching by providing mutual constructive feedback to all participants in teaching/learning processes and informs judgements about student achievement. Assessment should support student engagement in learning and the creation of supportive learning communities. It should also provide students with recognition of their achievements against specified criteria.