The Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research
The purpose of the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (the Code) is to guide institutions and researchers in responsible research practices and promote integrity in research. The Code provides information about how to manage research data and materials; publish and disseminate research findings (including proper attribution of authorship); conduct effective peer review; and manage conflicts of interest. The Code also outlines how institutions should manage breaches of the Code and allegations of research misconduct, and explains the responsibilities and rights of researchers who potentially witness research misconduct.
The Code is written specifically for universities and other public sector research institutions. However, all organisations involved in research are encouraged to incorporate it as far as possible in their operating environments.
Compliance with the Code is a prerequisite for National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) funding.
There are many ways in which researchers may deviate from the standards and provisions of this Code, including but not limited to:
- Fabrication of results
- Falsification or misrepresentation of results
- Misleading ascription of authorship
- Failure to declare and manage serious conflicts of interest
- Falsification or misrepresentation to obtain funding
- Conducting research without ethics approval as required by the National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Research Involving Humans and the Australian Code of Practice for the Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes
- Risking the safety of human participants, or the wellbeing of animals or the environment
- Deviations from this Code that occur through gross or persistent negligence
- Wilful concealment or facilitation of research misconduct by others.
Researchers should acquaint themselves with, and meet the requirements of the Code as soon as possible.
The Code consists of two main parts:
- Part A describes the principles and practices for encouraging the responsible conduct of research, for institutions and researchers.
- Part B provides a framework for resolving allegations of breaches of the Code and research misconduct, addressing the responsibilities of both institutions and researchers.
Please also refer to the University's relevant policies and procedures.