In-text citations


Use only the first listed family name followed by et al. and year of publication.

Magnetic resonance imaging can … (Marinovich et al., 2013).

Marinovich et al. (2013) comment . . .

Direct quote

Place direct quotes between double quotation marks " " and provide the page number(s) from the journal.

"In comparative studies, MRI was more accurate than mammography, but no differences in accuracy were observed between MRI and other less technically complex and costly tests (ultrasound, clinical examination)" (Marinovich et al., 2013, p. 331).

Reference list


Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Name, vol(issue), xx–xx. DOI or URL

Marinovich, M., Houssami, N., Macaskill, P., Sardanelli, F., Irwig, L., Mamounas, E., . . . Ciatto, S. (2013). Meta-analysis of magnetic resonance imaging in detecting residual breast cancer after neoadjuvant therapy. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 105(5), 321-333. doi:10.1093/jnci/djs528

  • List the first six authors followed by three ellipsis points (. . .) then the last author.
  • Give volume number (italics) and issue number (round brackets, no italics). No space between.
  • Give page range of article if page numbers are shown (no ‘p.’ or ‘pp.’).
  • DOI: Give DOI for print as well as online articles if one has been assigned.
  • DOI format: The new recommended format looks like this:
  • ONLINE: Give URL only if no DOI. Introduce URL with ‘Available from’ if the article is accessible only via login or behind a paywall.