Faculty of Education and Arts

Dr Michelle Duffy

Position Senior lecturer
Study area Humanities and Social Sciences
Location Gippsland Campus, Office: 1E 128
Phone 5122 6559
Email Michelle.Duffy@federation.edu.au


Doctor of Philosophy - University of Melbourne- 2001
Bachelor of Arts (Honours) - University of Melbourne - 1996
Bachelor of Music (Honours) - University of Melbourne - 1996
Bachelor of Applied Science - RMIT - 1984



Bachelor of Arts


  • Social Justice (ATSGC 3737)
  • Sociology of Race & Ethnic Relations (ATSGC 3929)
  • Qualitative Research Methods (ATSGC 3597)
  • Regional and Rural Societies: People, Place and Nature (ATSGC 2731 and ATSGC 3731)


Michelle joined FedUni in 2014. Prior to this she taught in the sociology and geography programs at Monash, and in the Australian studies, Australian indigenous studies and geography programs at the University of Melbourne

Research interests

Michelle is a human geographer, with research interests that are strongly interdisciplinary. The broader context of her work is in understanding how interactions between people and place contribute to notions of community and identity, and hence the concepts and processes of belonging or alienation. Her research examines the role culture plays in shaping our lives at different spatial levels, from the global to more everyday and local processes operating within and between individuals, communities and societies. Through the lens of the arts, and more specifically that of sound, music and performance, her research explores how our private and public selves are articulated and/or challenged in public spaces and events.

Current research adopts a cultural geographic approach to examine the role emotions and affect play in processes of place-making - including social cohesion, wellbeing, inclusion and alienation. This approach enables our emotional and affective responses to be conceptualized not as belonging to the individual, following conventional approaches in psychology, but, instead, the outcome of ongoing, negotiated and spatially situated process that are simultaneously biological, cultural and social. Future research builds on these conceptual and methodological approaches, applying these ideas to explore the cultural politics of emotion in a broader context of sustainability, resilience and rural Australia.

Her other research interests include Australian studies more broadly, with particular interests in cultural diversity and race relations, tourism, place-making, and contemporary cultural theory.

Michelle is the Co-Director of the interim Centre of Research for Resilient Communities (CoRRC), established at the Gippsland campus in 2014.


Current HDR students

  • Rebecca Bridges (associate supervisor) Place literacies in primary school settings
  • Mohd Fabian Bin Hasna An Environmental Psychology Approach to Public Art Development
  • Diane Luhrs Daughters of Farmers: Exposing the "Feminine Mystique" of Farming Families in Rural Australia (APA)
  • Dean Merlino …And the Trumpet Shall Sound: The Eschatological Function of Sound and Music (APA)
  • Miriam Potts How does my relationship to place evolve through the creative process of printmaking?
  • Sivanandamoorthy Sivesan (associate supervisor) Tourism governance for sustainable heritage tourism in Sri Lankan heritage destinations
  • Stephanie Parker (ANU, external supervisor) Space, Spatial Perceptions and Movement

HDR completions

  • Dr Faith Dent Fabric-ating Place Story: an experiential approach to imprinting landscape and land culture
  • Dr Jana-Axinja Paschen Setting out with Dreams of Home: German Tourists in the Australian Desert
  • Dr Haydie Gooder The Sorry People: Non-Indigenous Australians and emotional geographies of co-presence
  • Sibongiseni Hlabisa Customary land governance in post-apartheid South Africa: Gumbi case study (MPhil)



Duffy, M, Mair, J (contract signed, book delivery Jan 2017) Festival Encounters: Theoretical perspectives on festival events and social cohesion Routledge Advances in Events Research Book Series

Duffy, M (2009) Music of Place: Community identity in contemporary Australian music festivals Germany: VDM Verlag
Bandt, R, Duffy, M, MacKinnon, D (eds) (2007) Hearing Places: Sound Place Time Culture. Newcastle-Upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

Book chapters

Duffy, M (accepted 06/04/15) Re-sounding place and mapping the affects of sound, in T Leppänen, P Moisala, M Tiainen & H Väätäinen (eds) Becoming with Music and Sound: Musicking Deleuze and Guattari Bloomsbury

Duffy, M, Wood, P, Whyte, S, Yell, S, Carroll, M (accepted 18/06/2015) Why isn't there a plan?Community vulnerability and resilience in the Latrobe Valley's open cut coal mine towns, in M Companion & M Chaiken (eds) Responses to Disasters and Climate Change: Understanding Vulnerability and Fostering Resilience Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press

Duffy, M (accepted 27/04/2015) 'The Listening 'I': Children's emotional and affective representations of place, in S Gair & A van Luyn (eds) Sharing qualitative research: Showing lived experiences and community narratives, Routledge

Atkinson, A, Duffy, M (2015) The Amplification of Affect: Tension, Intensity and Form in Avant-Garde Painting and Dance, in J Taylor (ed) Modernism and Affect Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press; pp. 94-110

Mair, J, Duffy, M (2014) Festivals and sense of community: an Australia case study, in A Jepson & A Clarke (eds) Routledge Advances in Events Research Book Series: Exploring Community Festivals and Events Oxon & New York: Routledge; pp. 54-65

Duffy, M, Waitt, G (2014) Mapping the sounds of home, in N Canova, P Bourdeau, O Soubeyran (eds) La petite musique des territoires: Arts, espaces et sociétés Paris : CNRS Éditions; pp. 73-83

Duffy, M (2014) The emotional ecologies of festivals, in A Bennett, I Woodward, J Taylor (eds) Festivalisation of Culture: Identity, Culture and Politics Farnham: Ashgate; pp. 229-250

Duffy, M, Yell, S. (2014) Collective grief and Australian natural disasters, in D Lemmings and A Brooks (eds), Emotions and Social Change: Historical and Sociological Perspectives New York: Routledge; pp. 159-184

Duffy, M, Waitt, G (2011) Rural Festivals and Processes of Belonging, in C Gibson & J Connell (eds) Festival Places: Revitalising Rural Australia Clevedon, UK: Channel View Press; pp. 44-59

Merlino, D, Duffy, M (2011) Images of Home: A Sound Based Community Cultural Development Research Project for Youth in Officer, in C McLean & R Kelly (ed) Creative Arts in Research for Community and Cultural Change Calgary: Detselig Temeron Press; pp 255-256

Duffy, M (2009) Active listening, in S H Boyd, A C Gil & B Wong (eds) Culture Politics Aesthetics Freeland, Oxfordshire (UK): Inter-Disciplinary Press; pp. 145-158

Duffy, M (2007) Inhabiting soundscapes: "To learn from and to listen to one another…" in R Bandt, M Duffy, D MacKinnon (eds) Hearing Places: Sound Place Time and Culture, Cambridge Scholars Publishing; pp. 321-334

Refereed journal articles

Waitt, G, Harada, T, Duffy, M (accepted 15/07/2015) 'Let's have some music': A visceral approach to automobility' Mobilities

Fisher, K,  Williams, M,  FitzHerbert, S, Instone, L, Duffy, M,  Wright, S, Suchet-Pearson, S,  Lloyd, K, Burarrwanga, L, Ganambarr, R,  Ganambarr-Stubbs, M, Ganambarr, B, Maymuru, D and Bawaka Country (2015) Writing difference differently New Zealand Geographer special issue, Writing Difference Differently 71: 18–33

Osbaldiston, N, Picken, F, Duffy, M (2015) Characteristics and future intentions of second homeowners: a case study from Eastern Victoria, Australia Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events special issue, Second Homes Planning Policy and Governance 7(1): 62-76

Mair, J, Duffy, M (2015) Social cohesion and local festivals Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure & Events special issue, Social Justice & Events-related Policy 7(3): 282-298

Duffy, M, Atkinson, P (2014) Unnatural Movements: Modernism's shaping of intimate relations in Stravinsky's Le sacre du printemps, Affirmations: of the Modern 1(2): 95-119

Duffy, M, Waitt, G (2013) Home sounds: experiential practices and performativities of hearing and listening Social & Cultural Geography 14(4): 466-481

Boyd, C, Duffy, M (2012) Sonic geographies of shifting bodies Interference: A Journal of Audio Culture online: www.interferencejournal.com/articles/a-sonic-geography/sonic-geographies-of-shifting-bodies

Duffy, M (2012) The requirement of having a body Geographical Research 51(2): 130-136

Duffy, M, Waitt, G (2011) Sound diaries: a method for listening to place Aether: The Journal of Media Geography special issue on Geographies of Music, Geographers who Play Music, 7: 119-136

Duffy, M, Waitt, G, Gorman-Murray, A, Gibson, C (2011) Bodily rhythms: corporeal capacities to engage with festival spaces Emotion, Space and Society 4 (1): 17-24

Duffy, M, Waitt, G (2010) Aural (re)locations: listening to place Soundscape: the Journal of Acoustic Ecology 9(1): 20-24

Duffy, M (2010) Sound Ecologies Cultural Studies Review 16(1) Available online http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/journals/index.php/csrj/index

Waitt, G, Duffy, M (2010) Listening and tourism studies Annals of Tourism Research 37(2): 457-477

Duffy, M, Waitt, G, Gibson, C (2007) Get into the groove: the role of sound in generating a sense of belonging through street parades Altitude available at www.thealtitudejournal.com/

Wood, N, Duffy, M, Smith, SJ (2007) The Art of Doing (Geographies of) Music Environment & Planning D: Society & Space 25(5): 867-889

Permezel, M, Duffy, M (2007) Negotiating cultural difference in local communities: the role of the body, dialogues and performative practices in local communities Geographical Research 45 (4): 358-375

Duffy, M (2005) Performing identity within a multicultural framework Social and Cultural Geography special issue on music and place, 6 (5): 677-92

Duffy, M (2003) 'We find ourselves again':(re)creating identity through performance in the community music festival Australasian Music Research 7: 103-12

Duffy, M (2000) Lines of drift: festival participation and performing a sense of place Popular Music 19(1): 51-64

Encyclopedia entries

Duffy, M (accepted 8/04/2015) The Role of Affect and Emotion in Children's Place-making, in T Skelton, K Nairn & P Kraftl (eds) Geographies of Children and Young People. Space, Landscape, and Environment Volume 3, Springer, New York

Duffy, M (accepted 19/05/2014) Music, in D Richardson, Kobayashi, L Kong (eds) The Wiley-AAG International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment and Technology Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell

Duffy, M (2009) Festival/spectacle, in Kitchin R, Thrift N (eds) International Encyclopaedia of Human Geography Volume 4, Oxford: Elsevier; pp. 91–97.

Duffy, M (2009) Methods: Sound/Music, in Kitchin R, Thrift N (eds) International Encyclopaedia of Human Geography Volume 10, Oxford: Elsevier; pp. 230–235.

Duffy, M (2003) Community Festivals, in J Whiteoak and A Scott-Maxwell (eds), Companion to Music and Dance in Australia Sydney: Currency Press; pp. 275-276

Duffy, M (2003) Western Australian Aboriginal Musicals, in J Whiteoak and Al Scott-Maxwell (eds), Companion to Music and Dance in Australia Sydney: Currency Press; pp. 447-448

Refereed conference proceedings

Duffy, M, Merlino, D (2010) Listening for a Change: Sound and Agency at the Urban/Rural Interface, in J Cattermole, S Homan & G Smith (eds) Instruments of Change International Association for the Study of Popular Music; Monash University, Clayton pp. 71-76

Duffy, M (2008) Plenary Lecture: Possibilities: The role of music and emotions in the social dynamics of a music festivals, in V Gekas, N Mastorakis, E Stamatiou (eds) New Aspects of Cultural Heritage & Tourism WSEAS Press; ISBN 978-960-6766-89-3

Duffy, M (2004) Unruly performances: Challenges to the constitution of spatialised identities within the community music festival, conference proceedings for Journeys of Expression III: tourism and festivals as transnational practice, Innsbruck University (CD)

Other publications

Research reports

Wood, P, Duffy, M, Yell, S, Morrissey, B, Whyte, S, Walker, L, Carroll, M, Maybery, D (2015) Coal Mine Fire Initial Impact on Community Health & Wellbeing Project Summary Report

Duffy, M, Wood, P, Whyte, S (2014) Baw Baw Community Planning Pilot Evaluation

Lawton, A, Valenzuela, E, Duffy, M, & Morgan, D (2014) The Development of the Gippsland Economic Modelling Tool. A Report Prepared for Regional Development Victoria (Gippsland). Gippsland, Victoria: Federation University Australia

Lawton, A, Valenzuela, E, Duffy, M, Morgan, D, Joiner, T (2014) Developing a Regional Resilience Monitor. A Report Prepared for Regional Development Australia (Gippsland).Gippsland, Victoria: Federation University Australia

Duffy, M, Chia, J, Wood, P, Whyte, S (2013) Quality of Life in Baw Baw Shire

Stanley J, Birrell B, Brain P, Carey M, Duffy M, Ferraro S, Fisher S, Griggs D, Hall A, Kestin T, Macmillan C, Manning I, Martin H, Rapson V, Spencer M, Stanley C, Steffen W, Symmons M, Wright W (2013) What Would a Climate-Adapted Settlement Look Like in 2030? A Case Study of Inverloch and Sandy Point, report for the National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast

Duffy, M (2012) Understanding 'Place' in the Context of Adaptation, Working Paper 1: The Present Environmental, Social Economic Situation and Trends in Inverloch and Sandy Point and Surrounds

Merlino, D, Duffy, M (2011) Research report: Images of Home, in Creative Arts in Research for Community and Cultural Change Cheryl McLean (ed) Detselig Temeron Press; pp. 255-256

Duffy, M, Merlino, D, Manning, D (2009) Research report: Mapping out the soundlines of new urban developments, Ambiance, International Ambiances Network, www.ambiances.net


Duffy, M (2013) Review of Space-Body-Ritual: Performativity in the city by Reena Tiwari Gender, Place & Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography 20(8): 1044-1046

Duffy, M (2011) Aural Understanding: review of When Blood and Bones Cry Out: Journeys through the Soundscape of Healing and Reconciliation by J Lederach & A Lederach, Cultural Studies Review 17(1): 356-361

Duffy, M (2011) Review: The Documentary: Politics, Emotion, Culture by B Smaill, Emotion, Space & Society 4(1): 67-68

Duffy, M (2008) Review: Re-Visioning Arts and Cultural Policy, by J Craik, Australian Journal of Political Science 43 (4):  748-750

Duffy, M (2006) Review Our place: Indigenous Australia now, Journal of Australian Studies Reviews in Australian Studies, 1(1) available at www.nla.gov.au/openpublish/index.php/ras/article/view/215

Textbook chapters

Duffy, M (2006) White Australia and multiculturalism, in K Darian-Smith and K Lindsey (eds), Snapshot Two: Australian People, in the Snapshots of a Nation series, International Australian Studies Association, pp. 12-16

Duffy, M (2006)  Indigenous Australians, in K Darian-Smith and K Lindsey (eds), Snapshot Two: Australian People, in the Snapshots of a Nation series, International Australian Studies Association, pp. 17-22

Duffy, M (2006) Lifestyle, in K Darian-Smith and K Lindsey (eds), Snapshot Two: Australian People, in the Snapshots of a Nation series, International Australian Studies Association, pp. 29-33

Exhibition catalogues

Duffy, M, Grant, A, Merlino, D (2011) Sound Exhibition Images of Home: Children's Creative Responses to the Changing Landscapes of Officer Exhibition held at fortfivedownstairs, 45 Flinders Lane, Melbourne, 13-18 December

Duffy, M, Grant, A, Merlino, D (2010) Sound Exhibition Images of Home: Children's Creative Responses to the Changing Landscapes of Officer Exhibition held at Cardinia Cultural Centre, Pakenham, 22 November – 22 December

Duffy, M (2008) Exhibition essay: Antipodean Soundscape: Sonic spaces, spatial musics and field recordings In Celebration of 50 Years of Australian Geography for the Institute of Australian Geographers annual conference, University of Tasmania, Hobart, 29 June-3 July


Grant, A, Duffy, M, Merlino, D (2011) Images of Home: Children's Creative Responses to the Changing Landscapes of Officer, held at fortyfivedownstairs, Flinders Lane, Melbourne, 13-17 December www.fortyfivedownstairs.com/events/images-of-home/

Grant, A, Duffy, M, Merlino, D (2010) Images of Home: Children's Creative Responses to the Changing Landscapes of Officer, held at Cardinia Cultural Centre, Lakeside Boulevard, Pakenham, 22 November – 21 December


Institute of Australian Geographers