Faculty of Education and Arts

Dr Michelle Duffy

Position: Senior lecturer
Study area: Humanities and Social Sciences
Location: Gippsland Campus, Office: 1E 128
Phone: 5122 6559
Email: Michelle.Duffy@federation.edu.au

Qualifications

Doctor of Philosophy - University of Melbourne- 2001

Bachelor of Arts (Honours) - University of Melbourne - 1996

Bachelor of Music (Honours) - University of Melbourne - 1996

Bachelor of Applied Science - RMIT - 1984

Teaching

Programs

Bachelor of Arts

Courses

  • Social Justice (ATSGC 2737/ 3737)
  • Sociology of Race & Ethnic Relations (ATSGC 2929/ 3929)
  • Qualitative Research Methods (ATSGC3597)
  • Regional and Rural Societies: People, Place and Nature (ATSGC 2731/ 3731)

Biography

Michelle joined FedUni in 2014. Prior to this she taught in the sociology and geography programs at Monash, and in the Australian studies, Australian indigenous studies and geography programs at the University of Melbourne. She is the Director of the interim Centre of Research for Resilient Communities (CoRRC), established at the Gippsland campus in 2014.

Research interests

Michelle is a cultural geographer, with research interests that are strongly interdisciplinary. The broader context of her work is in understanding how interactions between people and place contribute to notions of community and identity, and hence the concepts and processes of belonging or alienation. Her research examines the role culture plays in shaping our lives at different spatial levels, from the global to more every day and local processes operating within and between individuals, communities and societies. Through the lens of the arts, and more specifically that of sound, music and performance, her research explores how our private and public selves are articulated and/or challenged in public spaces and events.

Michelle is a cultural geographer, with research interests that are strongly interdisciplinary. The broader context of her work is in understanding how interactions between people and place contribute to notions of community and identity, and hence the concepts and processes of belonging or alienation. A major focus in her work explores the role of sound in a geographical context. Her most significant contributions to this research field lie in the interdisciplinary theoretical and methodological frameworks she has developed that seek to uncover the complex and ‘unsayable’ ways in which we connect to the human and non-human world. More recent work seeks to understand the significance of the emotional responses and affective relations that originate in sound, and this has led to undertaking creative and collaborative work that is focused on community engagement.

Her research has developed these ideas further through examining the role emotions and affect play in processes of place and community-making, and the significance of art practice – specifically that of sound, music and performance – in creating and/or challenging identity in public spaces and public events. This approach uncovers the ways in which our emotional and affective responses can be conceptualized not as belonging to the individual, following conventional approaches in psychology, but, instead, the outcome of ongoing, negotiated and spatially situated processes that are simultaneously biological, cultural and social. This conceptualisation is therefore significant to better understanding the processes of social cohesion, wellbeing, inclusion and alienation, as well as providing methodological and theoretical frameworks for exploring the cultural politics of emotion in terms of sustainability and resilience.

One of her personal goals is to foster new and ongoing interdisciplinary collaborations with academics and practitioners. As researchers we are attempting to find solutions to pressing social and environmental problems, and addressing these problems requires novel approaches and expertise from a range of disciplines. Cultural geography lies at the intersection of the social sciences, arts, humanities and sciences, and facilitates generative discussion and approaches to thinking about the world. Performative, sensory, bodily, emotional, affective, non-representational and more-than-representational geographies contribute to this endeavour. This is because their shared theoretical argument is that bodies and the spaces they inhabit are inseparable and co-constituted. To tease apart these entangled and heterogeneous relations requires creative thinking.

Her other research interests include Australian studies more broadly, with particular interests in cultural diversity and race relations, tourism, place-making, and contemporary cultural theory.

Areas of expertise

  • community wellbeing, identity, belonging, exclusion, social cohesion and alienation
  • significance of sound and music in creating social and spatial relations
  • emotion and affect
  • festivals and events
  • public space

Funded research projects since 2005

Duffy, M Formation and Transformation of Regional Places and Communities Faculty of Education & Arts (FedUni) Strategic Initiative Grant, awarded 2016 $10,000

Duffy, M, Green, M Evaluation of the Suicide Safer Schools program for Eastern Regions Mental Health Association (ERHMA) awarded 2016 ($20,000)

Duffy, M, Wood, P, Yell, S, Morrissey, B, Mayberry, D, Carroll, M Community Wellbeing, component of The Hazelwood Mine Fire Health Study Department of Health, Victoria, awarded 2015 (with a budget $335,500 for the first three years of this 10-year longitudinal study. Larger project awarded $20.6 million)

Duffy, M, Mair, J The role of festivals and events in creating community cohesion FedUni Faculty of Education and Arts 2015 Small Research Grant Scheme, awarded 2015 $2,500

Campbell, A, Duffy, M, Beer, T Watermark@Narmbool (collaborative project between artists, scientists and social scientists to explore transformation of waterways across interrelated ecological and cultural landscapes) Faculty of Education and Arts (FedUni) Small Research Grant Scheme, awarded 2015 $5,000

Yell, S, Duffy, M, Edmondson, E, Gabriel, F Rethinking Independent Learning: Best practice applied pedagogy for diverse elearning cohorts Centre for Learning Innovation and Professional Practice (CLIPP) Mini Learning and Teaching Grant Application (FedUni), awarded 2015 $10,000

Wood, P, Duffy, M, Yell, S, Morrissey, B Coalmine Fire Initial Impact on Health & Wellbeing Project FedUni Collaborative Research Network, awarded 2014 $10,000

Duffy, M, Chia, J, Wood, P, Discussion paper: Quality of Life in Baw Baw Shire, Seeding grant from Baw Baw Shire, awarded 2013 $10,000

Duffy, M, Chia, J, Wood, P, Community Evaluation, Seeding grant from Baw Baw Shire, awarded 2013 $10,000

Lawton, A, Duffy, M, Wood, P, Joiner, T, Morgan, D, Valenzuela, E Community Resilience/Social Impact Study Outputs Regional Victoria Grant, awarded 2013 $50,000

Mair, J, Duffy, M Exploring the role of festivals and events in creating community cohesion at the rural/urban interface Small Grant Research Support Scheme, Monash Berwick, awarded 2013 $7400

Stanley, J, Martin, H, Brain, P, Birrell, B, Stanley, C, Duffy, M, Carey, M, Wright, W, Symmons, M, Fisher, S What would a climate-adapted Australian settlement look like? Climate Change Adaptation Research Grants Program (NCCARF), awarded 2012 $250,000 (total of $320,000 with in kind support)

Duffy, M Making sense of climate change: Home, community engagement and a sensory approach Small Grant Research Support Scheme, Monash Gippsland, awarded 2012 $8750

Duffy, M, Merlino, D, Grant, A Images of Home: Children’s Creative Response to the Changing Landscape of Officer VicHealth Technology, Arts and Social Connections Scheme (TASC), awarded 2010-2011 $25,000

Duffy, M, Waitt, G The emotional effect of music festival: consultancy for the Four Winds Festival ARC Cultural Research Network, awarded 2008 $2000

Duffy, M Country and Performance, Embodiment and Emotions: the women's rituals and knowledges of exchange in the Garma Festival, north-east Arnhem Land Early Career Researcher Grant, Faculty of Arts, University of Melbourne, awarded 2006 $12,000

Gibson, C, Waitt, G, Duffy, M ChillOut part of Reinventing rural places? The extent and impact of festivals as regeneration strategies 2007 funded as part of ARC DP

Duffy, M The role of the community festival in creating a sense of belonging in rural Gippsland Faculty of Arts Seeding Grant, University of Melbourne, awarded 2005 $2000

Supervision

Current HDR students
PhD

  • Rebecca Bridges (associate supervisor) Place literacies in primary school settings
  • Mohd Fabian Bin Hasna An Environmental Psychology Approach to Public Art Development
  • Diane Luhrs Daughters of Farmers: Exposing the "Feminine Mystique" of Farming Families in Rural Australia (APA)
  • Dean Merlino …And the Trumpet Shall Sound: The Eschatological Function of Sound and Music (APA)
  • Sivanandamoorthy Sivesan (associate supervisor) Tourism governance for sustainable heritage tourism in Sri Lankan heritage destinations
  • Stephanie Parker (ANU, external supervisor) Space, Spatial Perceptions and Movement

HDR completions

  • Dr Faith Dent Fabric-ating Place Story: an experiential approach to imprinting landscape and land culture
  • Dr Jana-Axinja Paschen Setting out with Dreams of Home: German Tourists in the Australian Desert
  • Dr Haydie Gooder The Sorry People: Non-Indigenous Australians and emotional geographies of co-presence
  • Sibongiseni Hlabisa Customary land governance in post-apartheid South Africa: Gumbi case study (MPhil)

Publications

Books

Duffy, M, Mair, J (contract signed, book delivery Jan 2017) Festival Encounters: Theoretical perspectives on festival events and social cohesion Routledge Advances in Events Research Book Series

Duffy, M (2009) Music of Place: Community identity in contemporary Australian music festivals Germany: VDM Verlag

Bandt, R, Duffy, M, MacKinnon, D (eds) (2007) Hearing Places: Sound Place Time Culture. Newcastle-Upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

Book chapters

Duffy, M (2016) Re-sounding place and mapping the affects of sound, in T Leppänen, P Moisala, M Tiainen & H Väätäinen (eds) Becoming with Music and Sound: Musicking Deleuze and Guattari Bloomsbury

Duffy, M, Wood, P, Whyte, S, Yell, S, Carroll, M (2016) Why isn't there a plan? Community vulnerability and resilience in the Latrobe Valley's open cut coal mine towns, in M Companion & M Chaiken (eds) Responses to Disasters and Climate Change: Understanding Vulnerability and Fostering Resilience Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; pp. 199-209

Duffy, M (2016) ‘The Listening ‘I’: Children’s emotional and affective representations of place’ in S Gair & A van Luyn (eds) Sharing qualitative research: Showing lived experiences and community narratives, Routledge; pp. 96-109

Atkinson, A, Duffy, M (2015) The Amplification of Affect: Tension, Intensity and Form in Avant-Garde Painting and Dance, in J Taylor (ed) Modernism and Affect Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press; pp. 94-110

Mair, J, Duffy, M (2014) Festivals and sense of community: an Australia case study, in A Jepson & A Clarke (eds) Routledge Advances in Events Research Book Series: Exploring Community Festivals and Events Oxon & New York: Routledge; pp. 54-65

Duffy, M, Waitt, G (2014) Mapping the sounds of home, in N Canova, P Bourdeau, O Soubeyran (eds) La petite musique des territoires: Arts, espaces et sociétés Paris : CNRS Éditions; pp. 73-83

Duffy, M (2014) The emotional ecologies of festivals, in A Bennett, I Woodward, J Taylor (eds) Festivalisation of Culture: Identity, Culture and Politics Farnham: Ashgate; pp. 229-250

Duffy, M, Yell, S. (2014) Collective grief and Australian natural disasters, in D Lemmings and A Brooks (eds), Emotions and Social Change: Historical and Sociological Perspectives New York: Routledge; pp. 159-184

Duffy, M, Waitt, G (2011) Rural Festivals and Processes of Belonging, in C Gibson & J Connell (eds) Festival Places: Revitalising Rural Australia Clevedon, UK: Channel View Press; pp. 44-59

Merlino, D, Duffy, M (2011) Images of Home: A Sound Based Community Cultural Development Research Project for Youth in Officer, in C McLean & R Kelly (ed) Creative Arts in Research for Community and Cultural Change Calgary: Detselig Temeron Press; pp 255-256

Duffy, M (2009) Active listening, in S H Boyd, A C Gil & B Wong (eds) Culture Politics Aesthetics Freeland, Oxfordshire (UK): Inter-Disciplinary Press; pp. 145-158

Duffy, M (2007) Inhabiting soundscapes: "To learn from and to listen to one another…" in R Bandt, M Duffy, D MacKinnon (eds) Hearing Places: Sound Place Time and Culture, Cambridge Scholars Publishing; pp. 321-334

Refereed journal articles

Doughty, K, Duffy, M, Harada, T (2016) Practices of emotional and affective geographies of sound, Emotion, Space and Society 20: 39-41

Duffy, M, Wiatt, G, Harada, T (2016) Making sense of sound: Visceral sonic mapping as a research tool, Emotion, Space and Society 20: 49-57

Waitt, G, Harada, T, Duffy, M (2015) 'Let's have some music': A visceral approach to automobility' Mobilities DOI: 10.1080/17450101.2015.1076628

Fisher, K,  Williams, M,  FitzHerbert, S, Instone, L, Duffy, M, Wright, S, Suchet-Pearson, S,  Lloyd, K, Burarrwanga, L, Ganambarr, R,  Ganambarr-Stubbs, M, Ganambarr, B, Maymuru, D and Bawaka Country (2015) Writing difference differently New Zealand Geographer special issue, Writing Difference Differently 71: 18–33

Osbaldiston, N, Picken, F, Duffy, M (2015) Characteristics and future intentions of second homeowners: a case study from Eastern Victoria, Australia Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events special issue, Second Homes Planning Policy and Governance 7(1): 62-76

Tehrani, M, Duffy, M (2015) The sensuous host: Practices of ensuring guests feel ‘at home’ in traditional Iranian houses Journal of South East Asian Studies 3(3): 351-361

Duffy, M, Atkinson, P (2014) Unnatural Movements: Modernism’s shaping of intimate relations in Stravinsky’s Le sacre du printemps, Affirmations: of the Modern 1(2): 95-119

Mair, J, Duffy, M (2014) Social cohesion and local festivals Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure & Events special issue, Social Justice & Events-related Policy 7(3): 282-298

Duffy, M, Waitt, G (2013) Home sounds: experiential practices and performativities of hearing and listening Social & Cultural Geography 14(4): 466-481

Boyd, C, Duffy, M (2012) Sonic geographies of shifting bodies Interference: A Journal of Audio Culture issue 2, online: www.interferencejournal.com/articles/a-sonic-geography/sonic-geographies-of-shifting-bodies

Duffy, M (2012) The requirement of having a body Geographical Research 51(2): 130-136

Duffy, M, Waitt, G (2011) Sound diaries: a method for listening to place Aether: The Journal of Media Geography special issue on Geographies of Music, Geographers who Play Music, 7: 119-136

Duffy, M, Waitt, G, Gorman-Murray, A, Gibson, C (2011) Bodily rhythms: corporeal capacities to engage with festival spaces Emotion, Space and Society 4 (1): 17-24

Duffy, M, Waitt, G (2010) Aural (re)locations: listening to place Soundscape: the Journal of Acoustic Ecology 9(1): 20-24

Duffy, M (2010) Sound Ecologies Cultural Studies Review 16(1): Available online http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/journals/index.php/csrj/index

Waitt, G, Duffy, M (2010) Listening and tourism studies Annals of Tourism Research 37(2): 457-477

Duffy, M, Waitt, G, Gibson, C (2007) Get into the groove: the role of sound in generating a sense of belonging through street parades Altitude available at www.thealtitudejournal.com/

Wood, N, Duffy, M, Smith, SJ (2007) The Art of Doing (Geographies of) Music Environment & Planning D: Society & Space 25(5): 867-889

Permezel, M, Duffy, M (2007) Negotiating cultural difference in local communities: the role of the body, dialogues and performative practices in local communities Geographical Research 45 (4): 358-375

Duffy, M (2005) Performing identity within a multicultural framework Social & Cultural Geography special issue on music and place, 6 (5): 677-92

Duffy, M (2003) 'We find ourselves again':(re)creating identity through performance in the community music festival Australasian Music Research 7: 103-12

Duffy, M (2000) Lines of drift: festival participation and performing a sense of place Popular Music 19(1): 51-64

Duffy, M (2000) Australian Soundscapes: The connection between music, place and identity Australian Studies 15(1): 111-122

Encyclopedia entries

Duffy, M (2016) The Role of Affect and Emotion in Children’s Place-making, in T Skelton, K Nairn & P Kraftl (eds) Geographies of Children and Young People. Space, Landscape, and Environment Volume 3, Springer, New York; DOI: 10.1007/978-981-4585-90-3_27-1

Duffy, M (2017) Music, in D Richardson, Kobayashi, L Kong (eds) The Wiley-AAG International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment and Technology Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell; DOI: 10.1002/9781118786352

Duffy, M (2009) Festival/spectacle, in Kitchin R, Thrift N (eds) International Encyclopaedia of Human Geography Volume 4, Oxford: Elsevier; pp. 91–97.

Duffy, M (2009) Methods: Sound/Music, in Kitchin R, Thrift N (eds) International Encyclopaedia of Human Geography Volume 10, Oxford: Elsevier; pp. 230–235.

Duffy, M (2003) Community Festivals, in J Whiteoak and A Scott-Maxwell (eds), Companion to Music and Dance in Australia Sydney: Currency Press; pp. 275-276

Duffy, M (2003) Western Australian Aboriginal Musicals, in J Whiteoak and Al Scott-Maxwell (eds), Companion to Music and Dance in Australia Sydney: Currency Press; pp. 447-448

Refereed conference proceedings

Duffy, M, Merlino, D (2010) Listening for a Change: Sound and Agency at the Urban/Rural Interface, in J Cattermole, S Homan & G Smith (eds) Instruments of Change International Association for the Study of Popular Music; Monash University, Clayton pp. 71-76

Duffy, M (2008) Plenary Lecture: Possibilities: The role of music and emotions in the social dynamics of a music festivals, in V Gekas, N Mastorakis, E Stamatiou (eds) New Aspects of Cultural Heritage & Tourism WSEAS Press; ISBN 978-960-6766-89-3

Duffy, M (2004) Unruly performances: Challenges to the constitution of spatialised identities within the community music festival, conference proceedings for Journeys of Expression III: tourism and festivals as transnational practice, Innsbruck University (CD)

Other publications

Research reports

Wood, P, Duffy, M, Yell, S, Morrissey, B, Whyte, S, Walker, L, Carroll, M, Maybery, D (2015) Coal Mine Fire Initial Impact on Community Health & Wellbeing Project Summary Report Federation University, Gippsland campus

Mair, J, Duffy, M (2015) LGAQ Workshop: Understanding and measuring the positive community outcomes of events and festivals, prepared for the Local Government Association of Queensland, University of Queensland

Duffy, M, Wood, P, Whyte, S (2014) Baw Baw Community Planning Pilot Evaluation Monash University

Lawton, A, Valenzuela, E, Duffy, M, & Morgan, D (2014) The Development of the Gippsland Economic Modelling Tool. A Report Prepared for Regional Development Victoria (Gippsland). Gippsland, Victoria: Federation University Australia

Lawton, A, Valenzuela, E, Duffy, M, Morgan, D, Joiner, T (2014) Developing a Regional Resilience Monitor. A Report Prepared for Regional Development Australia (Gippsland). Gippsland, Victoria: Federation University Australia

Duffy, M, Chia, J, Wood, P, Whyte, S (2013) Quality of Life in Baw Baw Shire. Monash University

Stanley J, Birrell B, Brain P, Carey M, Duffy M, Ferraro S, Fisher S, Griggs D, Hall A, Kestin T, Macmillan C, Manning I, Martin H, Rapson V, Spencer M, Stanley C, Steffen W, Symmons M, Wright W (2013) What Would a Climate-Adapted Settlement Look Like in 2030? A Case Study of Inverloch and Sandy Point, report for the National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast

Duffy, M (2012) Understanding ‘Place’ in the Context of Adaptation, Working Paper 1: The Present Environmental, Social Economic Situation and Trends in Inverloch and Sandy Point and Surrounds Online: http://www.monash.edu.au/research/sustainability-institute/assets/documents/nccarfworkingpaper1.pdf

Merlino, D, Duffy, M (2011) Research report: Images of Home, in Creative Arts in Research for Community and Cultural Change Cheryl McLean (ed) Detselig Temeron Press; pp. 255-256

Duffy, M, Merlino, D, Manning, D (2009) Research report: Mapping out the soundlines of new urban developments, Ambiance, International Ambiances Network, www.ambiances.net

Reviews

Duffy, M (2013) Review of Space-Body-Ritual: Performativity in the city by Reena Tiwari Gender, Place & Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography 20(8): 1044-1046

Duffy, M (2011) Aural Understanding: review of When Blood and Bones Cry Out: Journeys through the Soundscape of Healing and Reconciliation by J Lederach & A Lederach, Cultural Studies Review 17(1): 356-361

Duffy, M (2011) Review: The Documentary: Politics, Emotion, Culture by B Smaill, Emotion, Space & Society 4(1): 67-68

Duffy, M (2008) Review: Re-Visioning Arts and Cultural Policy, by J Craik, Australian Journal of Political Science 43 (4):  748-750

Duffy, M (2006) Review Our place: Indigenous Australia now, Journal of Australian Studies Reviews in Australian Studies, 1(1) available at www.nla.gov.au/openpublish/index.php/ras/article/view/215

Textbook chapters

Duffy, M (2006) White Australia and multiculturalism, in K Darian-Smith and K Lindsey (eds), Snapshot Two: Australian People, in the Snapshots of a Nation series, International Australian Studies Association, pp. 12-16

Duffy, M (2006) Indigenous Australians, in K Darian-Smith and K Lindsey (eds), Snapshot Two: Australian People, in the Snapshots of a Nation series, International Australian Studies Association, pp. 17-22

Duffy, M (2006) Lifestyle, in K Darian-Smith and K Lindsey (eds), Snapshot Two: Australian People, in the Snapshots of a Nation series, International Australian Studies Association, pp. 29-33

Exhibition catalogues

Duffy, M, Grant, A, Merlino, D (2011) Sound Exhibition Images of Home: Children's Creative Responses to the Changing Landscapes of Officer Exhibition held at fortfivedownstairs, 45 Flinders Lane, Melbourne, 13-18 December

Duffy, M, Grant, A, Merlino, D (2010) Sound Exhibition Images of Home: Children's Creative Responses to the Changing Landscapes of Officer Exhibition held at Cardinia Cultural Centre, Pakenham, 22 November – 22 December

Duffy, M (2008) Exhibition essay: Antipodean Soundscape: Sonic spaces, spatial musics and field recordings In Celebration of 50 Years of Australian Geography for the Institute of Australian Geographers annual conference, University of Tasmania, Hobart, 29 June-3 July

Exhibitions

Grant, A, Duffy, M, Merlino, D (2011) Images of Home: Children's Creative Responses to the Changing Landscapes of Officer, held at fortyfivedownstairs, Flinders Lane, Melbourne, 13-17 December www.fortyfivedownstairs.com/events/images-of-home/

Grant, A, Duffy, M, Merlino, D (2010) Images of Home: Children's Creative Responses to the Changing Landscapes of Officer, held at Cardinia Cultural Centre, Lakeside Boulevard, Pakenham, 22 November – 21 December

Professional affiliations

  • Member of the Research Institute on Social Cohesion (Department of Premier and Cabinet, Victoria) a newly established institute to facilitate greater cross-sectoral interaction and research examining social cohesion and community resilience
  • Member of Steering Committee for AusMob www.ausmob.com.au – newly formed research network focused on mobilities research being undertaken in Australia across the social sciences and humanities
  • Institute of Australian Geographers
  • ARC Cultural Research Network (2004-2009)

Editorial board membership

  • Social & Cultural Geography 2009-2016 (ranked 13/76 in Geography) 2009-2016
  • Gender Place and Culture 2014 - ongoing (ranked 9/39 in Women’s Studies and 37/76 in Geography) 2010- present